Karate is one of the most widely practised unarmed forms of martial art in the world. The word Karate is the combination of two different words ‘Kara’ meaning Empty and ‘Te’ meaning Hand therefore, Karate means empty hands. It is one of the striking arts that uses kicking, punching, elbow, and knee strikes, and as well as open-handed hitting techniques called ‘knife-hands. It also helps to learn defensive techniques such as getting out the way including grappling, locks, throws, and blocking.
There are four main styles of it in Japan: Goju-Ryo, Shito-Ryo, Shotokan, and Wado-Ryo. Shotokan is considered a powerful and influential form of Karate-do. Practitioners of karate are known as Karateka. It is widely practised all over the world by young and old people. Its origin is in Okinawa between the 12th and 19th century but its earliest evolution is not known and it mainly considered influence from China.
Funakoshi gives the first public demonstration of it and also invited Dr Jano Kano at the Kodokan Dojo. Karate came into existence in Japan in the early 20th century. In Japan, the first university karate club is established at Keio University and also opens Shoto-Kan as its first formal training school and started its journey to the United States to France.
The World Karate Federation (WKF) is the International governing body of the sports and it is responsible for keeping the spirit of Karate alive in almost 130 countries of the world. The federation was formed in the year 1990 and it is also recognized by the International Olympic Association. Karate was going to be included as the Official Olympic sport in the 2021 Olympic Games as it is going to be the debut of the sport at the Olympics.
Karate during Competition
Karate has more than 10 million practitioners worldwide and the sport is also very famous in other fighting sport. UFC, one of the most famous fighting sports in the world has many karate players in it. Many movies were also filmed on Karate such as Karate kid, IP Man, Crouching Tiger hidden dragon which becomes very famous worldwide.
Karate is very extensively practised in almost every part of India. The Karate Association of India (KIA) is the governing body of the sport in India and it has 29 states and 7 union territories affiliated in it along with the teams of ITBP, Indian Army, Services, Assam Riffles, and others.
The Indian team didn’t make their mark in the International championships such as Asian Games but the players are continuously getting better and earning medals at the International level. The Indian team had sent 11 members team in 3rd Asian Goju Ryu Karate Championship in which our players won 2 Gold, 2 Silver and 7 Bronze medals. Indian karate player Shruti Sharma also won Bronze Medal at the 17th Asian Karate Championship.
The sport will become more popular now as it has been included in the Olympic Games.